Cultural landscapes are important due to many reasons, some of them are:
- Provide various resources and services that enhance the well-being and livelihoods of people, such as food, clean water, fuel, building and production materials, medicinal plants, and job opportunities, including in the sustainable tourism sector;
- Enhance the resilience of communities by, for example, strengthening food security and social cohesion, and by helping them to adapt to climate change and mitigating disaster risks, notably through the use of traditional knowledge and practices built upon a deep understanding of the natural environment;
- Maintain rich biological, cultural and agricultural diversity, notably through the use of traditional forms of land use;
- Enhance cultural diversity by maintaining cultural and spiritual linkages with natural surroundings and by connecting past, present, and future generations.
However, Cultural landscapes are facing certain challenges, such as:
- Degradation due to unplanned infrastructure development and urbanization, modernization of land-use techniques, pollution, civil unrest, or unsustainable tourism;
- Abandonment or lack of people to manage landscapes, due to depopulation, aging of populations, and changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge systems;
- Increasing disaster risks and the impact of climate change.
Therefore, The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)-Greece Melina Mercouri International Prize has been announced for the Safeguarding and Management of Cultural Landscapes.
The deadline to submit applications for this program is 30-Apr-2021.
For more information Click here